There has been a growing interest in the concept of mental toughness. Since the pioneering work of Loehr in the 1980s, the ‘term mental toughness’ is no longer just limited to the sporting arena. Over the last 20 years, the construct is regularly being employed in domains like education, the military and the occupational world. 


Clough et al. (2002) define the mentally tough individual as having “a high sense of self-belief and an unshakable faith that they control their own destiny, these individuals can remain relatively unaffected by competition and adversity” (p. 38).


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